9 Safety Tips UPDATED (Still Not A Joke)
So after I posted this list of helpful safety tips, my brother gave me a link to Snopes.com that debunked the list. Not that there isn’t practical information in the list, but the way it is presented is whack. So I thought I would re-post with the Snopes advice and breakdown of the list:
We have encountered versions of this list since 2001, when it began as a summary of the teachings of Pat Malone,a personal safety expert and former bodyguard who instructs on defensive and survival tactics. The much-longer original (which isdisplayed on a number of web sites) appears to have been penned by someone who attended one of Mr. Malone’s seminars and so might not accurately reflect what had been presented in that class. The advice provided should therefore not be viewed as “the teachings of a self-defense expert” but as “the teachings of a self-defense expert, as remembered by someone else.”
Pat Malone’s seminars are described as “self-protection from predators,without self-defense or weapons” and “not self-defense classes.” On his web site, he offers for sale a video entitled “Taking Control,” which he represents as “A self-protection training program using common sense as a weapon.”
Over the intervening years, the e-mailed list of crime avoidance tips has been edited by various anonymous folks whose cyberhands it has passed through, being severely pared down from its original form and added to in a number of places. It has thus become even less reliable in terms of the quality of advice being offered than it was in 2001, and even then it would have had to have been regarded as suspect. By 2005 it included this intro:
Laura Lee Crane is the 77 year old Texas Christian University professor described in the e-mail’s intro. She was abducted from the parking lot of a grocery store in Fort Worth, Texas, on 30 January 2004, and her body was found on a service road off Interstate 35near Davis, Oklahoma, a few days later. She died of asphyxiation after her face, from her eyebrows to below her chin, was covered with layers of duct tape by her abductors. In November 2005, Edward Lee Busby was convicted of her murder and sentenced to death. His accomplice, Kathleen “Kitty” Latimer, is in custody awaiting trial on a capital murder charge.
Carlie Brucia is the 11-year-old described in the e-mail’s intro. She was abducted on 1 February2004 in Sarasota, Florida, while walking home from a friend’s house,her kidnapping caught on tape by the surveillance camera of the carwash whose parking lot she was traversing when taken. After her body was found in some brush on a church property five days later,investigators determined she had been sexually assaulted and then strangled to death. Her killer, Joseph Smith, was convicted of her murder and sentenced to death in December 2005.
Regarding the nine tips the e-mailed list has currently devolved to:
This is poor advice in that it recommends a course of action far more likely to result in the victim’s being physically harmed than do other potential counters such as running away and screaming for help.Engaging in hand-to-hand combat with an attacker should be an option of last resort unless you are very well trained in self-defense.
While the elbow is one of your body parts that can be used effectively in a fight, it is not the strongest — that honor goes to the humble knee.
This ploy would likely work if the assailant’s objective were robbery, but if he were intent upon kidnapping, rape, murder, or simple assault, throwing your handbag away would do nothing other than rid you of an item you could have used as a weapon.
The odds of being confined in the trunk of a car are slim to begin with, and they lessen when the extra requirement of the victim’s being placed in there with hands and feet unbound is added. Very few vehicles have tail lights that are accessible from the trunk, so even if one’s legs were free, there would be nothing to kick out to wave at others through.
A better plan would be to look for the glow-in-the-dark trunk release tab incorporated into some newer vehicles. Also, the back seats of many recent models fold down to accommodate the transport of larger items, so go deep into the trunk and push on the rear of the back seats to see if they open. If pushing fails, feel about on this area for knobs or levers that serve to latch the folding seat backs in place and work them.
A good habit to get into is immediately locking your car’s doors as soon as you are in your vehicle. Train yourself so that it becomes one smooth motion that you don’t even have to think about — yourrump’s landing on the seat should trigger your hand to reach out and hit the lock button. The tips list’s assessment of the behavior of women who have just entered their cars is unfortunately accurate: most women we’ve observed do indeed settle their purses on the passenger seats, sling briefcases, jackets, and packages into the back seat area,get out their car keys, rummage about in their handbags for various items (e.g., lipstick, cell phone, address book) which they might or might not use right then, put their keys in the ignition, fasten their seat belts and only then get around to locking their doors.During that interval they are indeed vulnerable to someone’s getting into the car with them or pulling open the driver’s side door.
Driving away immediately rather than taking a moment to make out this year’s Christmas card list is advice worthy of following in any parking garage (because the structure prevents others not in your immediate area from seeing what might be happening at your car) and in any open air parking lot that is somewhat deserted rather than teeming with other folks coming and going.
If the assailant has gotten into the passenger seat, the passenger’s side air bag (which is a standard feature in many newer model cars) will also protect him from the crash. Another plan would be to drive him to a police station rather than to where he orders you togo, reminding him that if he shoots you, the car will veer out of control and hit something, which will injure or kill him too.
Another good habit to adopt is taking a moment before going to your car to look about and see who else is around. Pause for a few seconds to judge your surroundings rather than unthinkingly heading for your vehicle with your eyes down and your mind occupied with other matters. Once your arrive at your vehicle, but before entering it, do give its back seat a quick glance to ensure no one is hiding there.
Most serial killers do not grab women from parking lots and thrust them into vans; they hunt for potential victims according to their personal killing rituals, with each murderer following his own personal script. Some drive about looking for lone hitchhikers. Others seek out solitary travelers who have paused in their journeys to use the facilities at rest areas along the interstate highways. Others go after late night gas station and convenience store clerks who are working alone and unprotected. Yet others troll areas known to be frequented by streetwalkers, presenting themselves as customers interested in buying the prostitutes’ services. Others break into houses they have minutes or hours earlier seen their desired victims enter. Some place ads in newspapers, luring their victims to them with promises of great bargains on desired items or offers of employment.Yet others frequent lonely spots that have personal meaning to them,preying upon whoever attempts to traverse these areas. Each serial killer has his own method of acquiring victims, and it is unique unto him.
The proffered advice makes the assumption that every man sitting in a car parked next to yours is a wouldbe attacker. Rather than assume every fellow who finished shopping before his wife did is an abductor lying in wait and scurry back to the mall to get a guard or police officer to see you safely past this menace,continue toward your vehicle as you normally would, but stay alert to the perception of sudden movement from the direction of the suspect parked car or the sound of that car’s door opening.
If while unlocking the driver’s side door of your own car you hear behind your turned back the door open on the vehicle you’re parked beside, kick backwards into that other door and scream, then launch yourself into your own car, lock its doors, and drive off. Almost certainly, rather than escaping an attacker who was making a grab for you, you will be giving some poor innocent fellow the shock of his life, but that will have to be the price he pays for opening his door when you were trying to get into yours, which is in itself a suspicious activity.
Yet the question is mostly academic because someone trolling for a victim is highly unlikely to be doing so via waiting patiently within his own vehicle for whoever was parked beside him to return. He could be left twiddling his thumbs for hours only to discover his intended target comes back accompanied by three friends she met up with inside.Even if the gal returns alone, there’s no guarantee she won’t do so during one of those moments when the lot is awash with other people getting in and out of their cars and thus at a time when no attacker would dare make a move for risk of being interfered with.
Stairwells are far less trafficked than other public areas of buildings, which does make them more risky places to traverse. When taking the stairs alone, stay alert to the presence of others rather than allowing yourself to become lost in your thoughts and so losing focus on your surroundings. When at all uncertain about the behavior of someone else in the stairwell, exit onto the nearest floor. Never use a stairwell unaccompanied where the doors lock behind you, there by preventing you from exiting anywhere other than the ground-flooregress.
Elevators also pose risk, but since they are better trafficked and more public, the possibility of being harmed while using one is much reduced. Even so, don’t get into an elevator car unaccompanied if at all uncertain of the car’s occupants — if something strikes you as not quite right, wait for the next car.
We don’t know the origin of the “will only hit you 4 in100 times”claim — it’s not a statistic we’re familiar with. Lack of familiarity aside, common sense would tell us to mistrust the statement that a gun-wielding bad guy hits what he’s aiming at only once out of 25 times.
If you do choose to run in such situations, up your chances of getting away unharmed by first misdirecting your assailant before making your dash for safety. “Hey, what’s that over there?!?!?” might buy you that extra split second that makes all the difference, as might throwing your purse or briefcase at the head of the guy holding the gun, because his instinctive response would be to duck or flinch. If you run, do indeed zig-zag because you will be harder for him to line up in his sights than if you race off in a straight trajectory.
While Ted Bundy did trick some of his victims into going with him by appearing injured and in need of assistance (e.g., arm in a sling and attempting to hoist a canoe onto the roof of his car), he picked up others while they were hitchhiking, and others he attacked in their homes while they were sleeping — therewas no “ALWAYS” about his methodology. Bundy is regarded by those who study criminals as a highly unusual serial killer because he was intelligent, charming, had well-honed people skills, and varied his mode of securing victims. It is therefore a mistake to assess the threat posed by those who murder random victims for the thrill of it by using Ted Bundy as a yardstick.
However, it is not a mistake to keep in mind people aren’t always what they appear to be and that someone who looks disabled or encumbered might well be entirely able-bodied. Stay alert when you are around strangers, always allowing for the possibility of being the target of deception rather than letting yourself be lulled into a false sense of security by the other party’s apparent limitations.
A more lengthy debunking of the “crying baby” lure can be found on our page devoted to that hoax, but in a nutshell: no serial killer used that ruse, and the story about helpful policemen who instructed the woman who heard such cries to stay inside and not open her door is fiction.The “audio tape of a baby’s cries used by a murderer to draw women from their homes” fabrication was born of the anxiety surrounding the hunt for the Baton Rouge serial killer in 2002. That case was profiled on America’s Most Wanted in September 2002 and again in January 2003, but neither airing made any mention of the purported “crying baby” theory.
While we’ve hopefully assisted readers in making sense of which of the nine tips contain good advice that should be followed and which should be regarded as codswallop, our efforts to sort them out aside, we would still hate to see this list circulated any further because of the overall tenor of its recommendations, which is to make like Wonder Woman or Captain America when confronted by someone intent upon doing you harm. As stated earlier, engaging in hand-to-hand combat with an attacker should be an option of last resortunless you are very well trained in self-defense. Rather, here are two options that should be exercised first: If attacked or threatened, run,and if you can’t run, scream. (Even if no one comes to your assistance,your attacker may very well turn tail and get out of there, figuring the noise you’re making is attracting attention to him and that others will now remember his face.)
A far better counter is to avoid becoming the victim of random violent crime in the first place, which these next tips will help with:
Avoid potentially dangerous places. The more isolated and devoid of other people a location is, the more potentially dangerous it is.Hence, stairwells are more perilous than elevators, underground parking garages more risky a proposition than open air parking lots. As a general rule of thumb, anywhere other people aren’t is a good place for you not to be either.
One mistake folks do make time and again is letting their sense of familiarity with a place lull them into a presumption of security. More simply, though you may know the parking lot at the local grocery store like the back of your hand and have never experienced any problems there, you should still regard it as a potentially dangerous location if your plan is to park there at midnight on a Sunday while you reprogram the buttons on your car’s radio. A location that can be perfectly innocuous during the day when there are all sorts of other people around is not necessarily just as safe in the dead of night when the place is empty.
Stay aware of your surroundings. Get into the habit of noticing not only the details of your physical surroundings (such as where exits are located) but who else is there with you. Maintain focus on the here and now instead of letting it drift to where and what you will be doing ten minutes from now. If trying to do two things at once, strive to stay alert to what is going on around you. Rather than wander towards your car with your head down while you’re yakking on your cell phone,take a break from the conversation to look about. The same goes forgetting into an elevator — look at the other people in the car before getting in yourself.
Also, as stated in “Assaulted Tale“(our debunking of a widely-circulated list about what rapists supposedly look for), not only is it important to see trouble coming before it gets to you and avoid it, but an alert stance can help discourage a wouldbe attacker. Those looking to prey upon others — whether their aim is robbery, rape, or mayhem — generallychoose as victims those who appear preoccupied or tentative in preference to those who exude a sense of purpose. Or, as I was told long ago, “Always look like you know exactly where you’re going and move like you’re expected to be there at exactly a certain time.”Mooning about aimlessly can make you a statistic.
Do not get into vehicles with strangers or allow them into yours.A murderer is not going to approach you by saying, “Hi, I’m interested in killing you; please get into my car.” Rather, it’s going to be,”Please, miss — can you help me? My little boy has been in an accident and I have to get to the hospital but I can’t find the place. No, don’t give me directions because I’ll just get turned around; come with me —I’ll pay for a cab to get you back here afterwards.” Or, “I’m the new minister in town. My car broke down a few miles back, so I walked hereto call the tow truck. Can you give me a lift back to my car? My wife is there, and I don’t like leaving her out there all alone for any longer than I have to, her being pregnant and all.”
Also, be wary of helping strangers when you are unaccompanied.Don’t help them load packages into vans or trot over to them like a good little Girl Scout when summoned to give directions by someone you don’t know. Save your helpful impulses for when you have other people with you, but when on your own keep walking even as you call, “Nope,sorry, can’t” back over your shoulder.
Do not let strangers into your home. If someone appears at your door saying his car quit running and he needs to call a tow truck, offer through the closed doorto make the call for him. If he says his wife is ill and asks if he can have a glass of water for her, offer, once again through the closed door, to call 911 for him. If someone dressed in work clothes says he’s been sent by the building superintendent, your home owners association,the electric company, the city, or anything else, leave him standing outside until you’ve called that entity and ascertained that it has sent that person and does indeed vouch for him.
The world is not awash with rapists, murderers, thieves, and kidnappers, but a bit of common sense routinely applied can help you avoid meeting up with any of the handful that are actually out there.Rather than fret about how to properly throw an elbow, or whether you should run from someone holding a gun on you, or how to crash a car into a barrier so as to incapacitate an attacker but leave yourself unharmed, learn these three tips by heart: Keep away from deserted places, stay alert to what is going on around you, and when something feels the slightest bit wrong, get out of there. While there’s nothing of Lynda Carter or Steven Seagal in those three tips, they will serve to keep you out of a pine box far better than all the more flashy “saw it on the Lifetime Movie of the Week” moves put together.